John Paul Jones was born on July 6, 1747, in Kirkcudbright, Scotland. He was the newfangleds of a Scottish gardener and was originally named John Paul. At the age of 12 he entered the British merchant devil dog and went to sea for the low time, as a cabin boy. He sailed on board merchantmen and slavers, becoming a first blighter on a slaver brigantine by 1766 and receiving his first play in 1769. In 1773, as the commander of a merchant vessel, he killed a mutinous crewman at Tobago in the West Indies and, rather than stay in prison house and calculate for trial, he fled to North America. From that point the British considered him to be a pirate. A fugitive from British justice, he attempt to keep back his identity by adding the surname of Jones. At the outbreak of war with Britain in 1775, John Paul Jones went to Philadelphia, and, with the protagonist of two friendly members of the Continental Congress, obtained a lieutenants commission in the Continental Navy. The follow ing twelvemonth he became captain of the sloop Providence. In his first adventure aboard the Providence he done for(p) the British fisheries in Nova Scotia and captured 16 British prize ships. In 1777 he took command of the sloop Ranger. Sailing to France in 1778, Jones genuine from the French the first salute given to the new American signal by a foreign warship.
During the abjure he terrorized the coastal population of Scotland and England by making brassy raids ashore and destroying many an(prenominal) British vessels. His reputation in capital of France greatly enhanced, Jones received from the French go vernment a reborn French merchantman, the D! uras, which he renamed Bonhomme Richard (Good Man Richard) in honor of gum benjamin Franklin. Jones was thusly promoted to commodore and placed in command of a miscellaneous fleet... If you neediness to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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